Black fungus: early signs and the greatest danger
- Characteristics of early detection of black fungus.
- What to do if you have symptoms of black fungus?
- Who is most at risk?
The problem of black fungus is continuously increasing in India amid the crisis of the second wave of coronavirus. There have been many cases of this unusual fungal infection in many parts of the country, many of which have also died. In the state of Maharashtra alone, more than 90 people have died of black fungus. New cases are being reported day by day in other states including Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand. The Rajasthan government has even declared the black fungus an epidemic.
In the wake of the ever-increasing crisis of black fungus, AIIMS has recently issued some tips which can prove helpful in detecting and treating black fungus at the earliest. In order to deal with the ever-increasing crisis of black fungus, the following rules have been framed by AIIMS for the Kovid ward: –
Early signs of black fungus identification
The following are the main indications of early detection of black fungus, which make it easier for people caring for kovid patients and physicians who are treating black fungus to be detected.
1. Toothache, swelling inside or around the mouth.
2. Numbness or tingling is felt on the face.
3. Nostrils bleed.
4. There is an irregular black secretion from the nostril.
5. The crust settles in the nostril.
6. Head and eye pain.
7. The nose is closed.
8. There is a problem with chewing something in the mouth opening.
9. The eyes have swelling, blurred imaginative and retrospective, purple eyes, very low visibility, problems opening, and closing attention.
What to do if you have symptoms of black fungus?
AIIMS has also directed that if symptoms of black fungus are seen in a patient, then-
1. Contact an ENT doctor immediately.
2. Contact the eye doctor.
3. Contact a knowledgeable or health care provider who is treating a similarly affected person.
4. Get an MRI and CT scan was done on the advice of the doctor.
5. The doctor can also get the nose eye test done.
6. Do not take steroids or any other medicine yourself. Take medicine only after the doctor’s advice.
7. Monitor blood sugar when you have diabetes.
8. If you have any other disease, keep taking medicine and monitor it
Which patients are at the greatest risk?
The following patients are at the highest risk of black fungus-
1. Suffering from immune-suppressive or anti-cancer treatment, and suffering from debilitating disease.
2. Individuals with excessive steroid doses.
3. Suffering from steroids or tocilizumab for a long time.
4. Suffering from uncontrolled diabetes on steroids or tocilizumab.
5. Suffering from diabetic ketoacidosis and diabetic disease.
6. Sufferers on oxygen aid – nasal fountains, by masks, or on ventilators.
7. A person severely suffering from Kovid-19.
It is clearly suggested by AIIMS that patients who are at greater risk of getting black fungus should undergo regular checkups till discharge.