Health

Treatment of Thyroid problem

Treatment of Thyroid problem

The thyroid is a serious problem in which there are many types of problems. Each problem has a different treatment. In this article, various thyroid problems and their treatment are being highlighted. Various problems occurring in the thyroid and their treatment are as follows:-

Hypothyroidism disease

This is a problem in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone, due to which there is a lack of thyroid hormone in the blood. This problem occurs due to injury to the pituitary gland, destruction of the thyroid gland, radioactive iodine, etc. The main symptoms of hypothyroidism are body fatigue, swollen legs, hair fall, excessive sleepiness, constipation, pain with muscle cramps, intolerance to cold, dry skin, etc.

Treatment:  Thyroid hormone and TSH in hypothyroidism problem. According to the label of the hormone, the thyroid hormone and TSH in the patient’s blood by the doctor. Thyroid hormone replacement drugs (eg, Thyroxine, Livo-T) are treated with prescribing doses to control hormone labels. Thyroid hormone and TSH from time to time. The hormone label is checked and the dosage of the medicine is changed according to the hormone label in the blood. The use of this medicine can be lifelong.

Changes can be made in the lifestyle/diet of the patient as required by the doctor and some yoga/exercise can also be advised.

Hyperthyroidism disease

In this problem, the thyroid gland starts making thyroid hormone in excess, due to which there is an excess of thyroid hormone in the blood and TSH. Hormone deficiency occurs.

Treatment:  In the problem of hyperthyroidism, to control the thyroid hormone in the patient’s blood, the doctor prescribes the dosage of anti-thyroid drugs (eg-neomercazole) and is administered. The affected part of the thyroid gland can also be removed through surgery. Changes can be made in the lifestyle of the patient. Diet can be changed. Yoga/exercise advice may also be given. Thyroid hormones and TSH are prescribed by the doctor from time to time. The hormone label is checked and the dosage of the medicine is changed according to the hormone label in the blood.

Plumber’s disease

This disease can occur in such women and men over the age of 50, whose amount of thyroid hormone in the blood becomes slightly higher than normal. The main symptoms of this disease are increased appetite, irritability in nature, osteoporosis, increased heartbeat, fatigue, intolerance to heat, weakening of muscles.

Treatment:  This disease is treated through antithyroid drugs, radioactive iodine, and surgery as required by the doctor.

Toxic adenoma disease

It is a benign tumor growing in the thyroid gland that accounts for about 3 to 5 percent of cases of hyperthyroidism. The presence of multiple tumors is called goiter. Feeling of shivering in the body, weakening of muscles, weight loss, diarrhea, increased appetite, etc. are the main symptoms of this disease.

Treatment:  According to the nature of the disease by the doctor, this disease is treated through antithyroid drugs, radioactive iodine, and surgery.

Thyroid nodules disease

Thyroid nodules may form in the thyroid gland due to the irregular development of thyroid tissue or due to iodine deficiency or due to excessive swelling of the thyroid gland. The main symptoms of thyroid nodules are dry skin, muscle weakness, irritability, sudden loss of body weight, intolerance to cold, irregular heartbeat, memory loss, etc.

Treatment:  Not every thyroid nodule is cancerous, but some may develop cancer. Thyroid nodules are treated with appropriate medications, thyroid hormone therapy, or surgery after a biopsy is done by the doctor.

Thyroid cancer disease

Thyroid cancer develops when thyroid cells grow too rapidly and do not die. Swelling of the throat, swollen lymph nodes of the neck, and difficulty in swallowing food and water are the main symptoms of thyroid cancer. Anaplastic thyroid cancer, follicular thyroid cancer, medullary thyroid cancer, and papillary thyroid cancer are the various major forms of thyroid cancer, of which medullary thyroid cancer and anaplastic thyroid cancer are the most deadly.

Treatment:  After the biopsy test is done by the doctor, treatment is done by doing appropriate drugs, surgery, radioactive iodine therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Lifestyle changes can also be made.

Note- This article is for information purposes only. It should not be taken as medical advice. You should definitely consult your doctor for your health-related problems.

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