Health

 What are Mineral salts?

 What are Mineral salts?

Mineral salts are the inorganic components of human food that control the metabolic activities of the body. The following mineral salts are mainly required by the human body:

  • Calcium.
  • Phosphorus.
  • Potassium.
  • Iron.
  • Sodium.
  • Chlorine.
  • Copper.
  • Iodine.
  • Cobalt.

1. Calcium

The main sources of calcium are milk, ghee, green vegetables, eggs, carrots, oranges, etc. The main function of calcium is to build the skeleton of the human body, stimulate the nerves and help in blood clotting.

Due to the lack of calcium, the human skeleton does not develop and a disease called osteoporosis occurs in the bones.

2. Phosphorus

The main sources of phosphorus are milk, eggs, green vegetables, fish, etc. The main function of phosphorus is to control fat metabolism, assist in the formation of proteins and nucleic acids, assist in the formation of the skeletal system, blood, and teeth. Due to the lack of phosphorus, the bones become flexible and the gums of the teeth become weak.

3. Potassium

It is found in all vegetables. Its function is to control the osmotic pressure in the human body. The deficiency of potassium leads to a disease called hypokalemia, the heart does not function properly and mental balance is disturbed.

4. Iron

The main sources of iron are green vegetables, spinach, bathua, sugarcane, banana, etc. The main function of iron is to make red blood cells. Iron deficiency causes a disease called anemia.

5. Sodium

The main source of sodium is salt. Water controls sodium in the human body. The deficiency of sodium leads to dehydration in the human body and a disease called hyponatremia occurs.

6. Chlorine

The main source of chlorine is salt. It controls the balance of acid, alkali, and water in the human body.

7. Copper

Copper is a type of blood component in the human body that participates in the formation of blood and enzymes. Due to its deficiency, the balance of the human body gets disturbed.

8. Iodine

The main sources of iodine are iodized salt, water, and sea salt. Iodine is found in the thyroid gland in the human body in the hormone thyroxine. Iodine deficiency causes a disease called goiter.

9. Cobalt

Cobalt is the main component of vitamin B12  which aids in the formation of blood in the human body. The deficiency of cobalt causes a disease called anemia.

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