What is Filariasis?
Filariasis is a human disease that is also known as elephantiasis and filariasis in the English language and elephantiasis in the Hindi language. Yes. Don’t be surprised Elephantiasis, filariasis and elephantiasis are also names of the disease called filariasis. In this disease, the feet of man (below the knee) swell up and become thick like an elephant‘s foot, that is why this disease is also called elephant foot. Filariasis is the second such disease in the world, which causes the largest number of people with disabilities. Most of the people suffering from a disease called Filariasis are in India.
Filariasis can occur even in childhood, can occur in adolescence, can occur even in adulthood, can also happen in old age. That is, the filarial disease can occur at any age. Anyone can happen to children, adults, and the elderly.
Filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by the ingestion of a parasite called Puvaria into human blood. This parasite enters human blood through multiple bites of mosquitoes of Culex and Mansonidis species. Filariasis usually occurs in the feet in women and feet and testicles in men.
Malaria is a disease whose symptoms either do not appear in the early stages or appear in such a small amount that they are not clearly visible, due to which it is not recognized in the early stages. Malaria takes a serious form after seven to eight years of disease, due to which man becomes a victim of disability. If the filarial disease is identified in time i.e. in the early stage and proper treatment is done then the filarial disease is completely cured.
The filarial disease is generally found in maximum numbers in tropical countries/regions. This disease is present in all the countries of the world and remains a challenge for the whole world. At present, more than 2.5 crore people in India are suffering from the filarial disease. Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, and Orissa have the highest number of patients of filariasis in India, which is about 90 percent of the total number of patients in India. Extensive efforts are being made by the Government of India to eradicate Filariasis.
Types of filariasis
There are three types of filarial disease:-
- Lymphatic or elephantiasis filariasis.
- Serous cavity filariasis.
- Subcutaneous filariasis.
In lymphatic or elephantiasis filarial disease, the lymph and lymph nodes of the human body can be affected. In the disease of serous cavity filariasis, the serous cavity of the stomach of the human body can be affected. In subcutaneous filarial disease, the lower layer of the skin of the human body can be affected.