What is hemolytic anemia?
Hemolytic anemia is also a type of anemia disease. In this disease, the spleen of the human body starts destroying the red blood cells. Bone marrow does the work of making blood in our body. Hemolytic anemia occurs when the number of red blood cells in the human body to be destroyed by the spleen exceeds that produced by the bone marrow. In this disease, the immunity of the human body decreases, due to which the risk of other diseases also increases.
Hemolytic anemia can also be genetic. Due to the destruction of blood cells in this disease, there is a decrease in the blood cell count. In this disease, defective red blood cells are produced.
Red blood cells can be destroyed and reduced due to tumor, infection due to some reason, a complication of leukemia, a problem of autoimmune disorder, a problem of lymphoma, or a side effect of any medicine.
Since red blood cells carry out the function of transporting oxygen to all the tissues and organs in the human body. In a disease called hemolytic anemia, there is a decrease in red blood cells, due to which the supply of oxygen is not enough in the tissues and organs of the human body, due to which the working capacity of the related organs decreases.
When does hemolytic anemia occur?
Hemolytic anemia occurs when the number of red blood cells in the human body to be destroyed by the spleen exceeds that produced by the bone marrow.
Who can get hemolytic anemia?
Hemolytic anemia can occur at any age, i.e. children, adults, or the elderly. Hemolytic anemia in children increases the risk of infection, the possibility of cancer disease, increased risk of autoimmune diseases (eg type 1 diabetes, etc.), and reduced immunity. Due to reduced immunity of the body, the risk of other diseases also increases.
What are the types of hemolytic anemia?
There are mainly two types of hemolytic anemia:-
1. External hemolytic anemia.
2. Intrinsic hemolytic anemia.
What is extrinsic hemolytic anemia?
External hemolytic anemia is a disease in which the spleen found in the human body begins to destroy red blood cells. Extrinsic hemolytic anemia can occur even if there is an autoimmune reaction due to some reason. Red blood cells can be destroyed and reduced due to tumor, infection due to some reason, a complication of leukemia, a problem of autoimmune disorder, a problem of lymphoma, or a side effect of any medicine.
What is intrinsic hemolytic anemia?
In a disease called intrinsic hemolytic anemia, the red blood cells produced by the human body do not work properly. This is an inherited condition such as intrinsic hemolytic anemia disease due to abnormal red blood cells in thalassemia patients.
Both the above types of hemolytic anemia are a common disease in the beginning, which is completely cured with proper treatment, but due to negligence, the condition becomes serious and even fatal.