- 1 What is Vitamin?
What is Vitamin?
It is an organic chemical. It was invented by Funk in 1911 AD. It is also called the protective substance of the body. Vitamins are of two types on the basis of solubility: water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins.
Water-soluble vitamins are vitamins B and C.
Fat-soluble vitamins are vitamins A, D, E, and K.
Vitamin A is also called the growth-promoting and anti-infection vitamin. The chemical name of vitamin A is retinol.
Main sources: Milk, butter, eggs, fish, oil, spinach, carrots, etc.
Deficiency diseases– night blindness, xerophthalmia, dermatosis, slow aging, stones in the body, whiteness in the eyes.
Vitamin B group
There are 11 groups of vitamin B, of which 08 are the main ones. These are B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B11, and B12
Chemical name- Thiamine.
Main sources- Grain peel, milk, lentils, and liver, etc.
Function: Metabolizes carbohydrates.
Deficiency diseases- Beri-Beri disease in humans, Polyneuritis disease in animals.
Chemical name– Riboflavin.
Main sources – Wheat, fruits, vegetables, liver, and meat, etc.
Deficiency disease- pellagra or skin disease.
Chemical name – Niacin.
Main sources- Meat, groundnut, tomato, leafy vegetables.
Deficiency disease- pellagra (ringworm), 4-D syndrome.
Chemical name- Pantothenic acid.
Main sources- Meat, milk, groundnut, tomato, sugarcane, etc.
Diseases due to deficiency- retardation, graying of hair.
Chemical name- Pyridoxine.
Main sources- liver, meat. Milk, fish, peas, etc.
Function: Regulates the metabolism of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.
Deficiency diseases- anemia (anemia) and skin diseases.
Chemical name- Biotin.
Main sources– Meat, egg, liver, milk, etc.
Deficiency diseases- paralysis, hair fall.
Chemical name- Folic acid.
Main sources – Lentils, liver, green vegetables, eggs, etc.
Deficiency diseases- Anemia, dysentery.
Chemical name- Cyanocobalamin.
Main sources – meat, milk, eggs, fruits, liver, etc.
Function: Synthesizes nucleic acids and nucleoproteins.
Deficiency diseases– Anemia, Panduro.
An element called cobalt is found in this vitamin.
Chemical name- Ascorbic acid.
Main sources- Lemon, Amla, Orange, Tomato, Masami, Tamarind, etc.
Function- Increases the immunity of the body.
Deficiency disease- Scurvy disease.
Vitamin C is found the most in amla.
Chemical name- Colciferol.
Main sources – Sun rays, butter, eggs, fish oil, liver, etc.
Function- Strengthens bones and teeth.
Deficiency diseases– Rickets in children, osteomalacia in adults.
Chemical name- Tocopherol.
Main sources– Soybean oil and lettuce leaves, rice husk oil, cottonseed oil, etc.
Functions- Development of reproductive organs, protection of skin, and protection of enzymes present in cells.
Deficiency disease- impotence.
Chemical name- Naphthaquinone.
Main sources- Green vegetables, carrots, eggs, etc.
Function- Helping to clot the blood.
Diseases due to deficiency – Blood does not form clots on the injury.
- Helps in metabolism.
- Helps in the breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.