SODIUM: Medicinal use
Other Names of Sodium
Atomic quantity 11, Elemental Sodium, Na, Natrium, Saline, Sea Salt, Sodium Acetate, Sodium Benzoate, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Citrate, Sodium Lactate, Table Salt.
What is Sodium?
Sodium is a sort of metallic that may be very reactive. Since it is so reactive, sodium isn’t discovered in a free kind in nature. As an alternative, sodium is at all times discovered as a salt. The most typical dietary type of sodium is sodium chloride. Sodium chloride is usually known as desk salt.
Folks take sodium by mouth within the type of sodium chloride for low sodium ranges, to stop kidney toxicity brought on by the drug amphotericin B, and to stop kidney toxicity brought on by contrast brokers used to picture elements of the physique.
Folks inject sodium intravenously (by IV) within the type of sodium chloride answer (known as saline) to stop kidney toxicity brought on by the drug amphotericin B, to scale back brain swelling and stress contained in the skull, and for a complication of infection known as sepsis.
Folks apply sodium within the type of sodium chloride answer (known as saline) for pinkeye (conjunctivitis), dry eye syndrome, mouth sores, nasal congestion, sore throat, and sinusitis. Folks inhale sodium within the type of sodium chloride answer for cystic fibrosis. In meals, sodium chloride is used so as to add taste and protect food.
Kidney issues brought on by the drug amphotericin B. Giving sodium chloride answer by mouth or intravenously (by IV) to sufferers receiving amphotericin B lessens the decline in kidney operation brought on by amphotericin B.
Low ranges of sodium within the blood (hyponatremia). Giving sodium chloride options (known as hypertonic saline) intravenously (by IV) to sufferers with reasonably or severely low blood ranges of sodium helps scale back signs brought on by low ranges of sodium.
Cystic fibrosis. When used as an inhalant together with medication to dilate airway passages, 3% to 7% options of sodium chloride (known as hypertonic saline) scale back airway obstruction short-term and scale back the variety of lung issues and enhance the quality of life long-term in sufferers with cystic fibrosis.
Swelling of the sinus. Irrigating nasal passages with sodium chloride answer seems to enhance signs and high quality of life in sufferers with long-term swelling of the sinuses. Nonetheless, sodium chloride answer doesn’t appear to be as efficient as a steroid medication.